Central Electricity Authority (CEA) has released the report on 20th Electric Power Survey (EPS) of India. Periodic EPS of the country is conducted by CEA to assess the state wise/union territory (UT) wise/region wise and all-India electricity demand on medium and long-term basis. The 20th EPS Committee was constituted by CEA in May 2020. Based on the way forward suggested by the committee, electricity demand projections have been done for discoms/states/UTs/regions and for the country through partial end use method (PEUM) for the years 2021-22 to 2031-32. Perspective electricity demand projection has also been done for the states/UTs/regions and for the country for the years 2036-37 and 2041-42. Factors like reduction in transmission and distribution (T&D) losses, energy efficiency improvement measures, production of green hydrogen, penetration of electric vehicles, roof-top solar, solar pumps, among others, have appropriately been factored in the electricity demand forecast.
Overview of Electricity Demand Forecast
Notably, the percentage increase in electrical energy requirement is less than the increase in electricity consumption. It is because of reduction in T&D losses expected in future.
Region-wise electricity demand projection (2021-22 to 2031-32)
Peak electricity demands on regional and all-India basis have been calculated by taking into account diversity factors prevailing among states and regions respectively.
Long term electricity demand projection for the years 2036-37 and 2041-42
Electricity demand projection has also been done for the years 2036-37 and 2041- 42 by extrapolating the figures of electricity consumption of states/UTs with the application of suitable growth rates. The electrical energy requirement has been worked out by adding T&D losses estimated by extending the T&D losses trajectories further. Peak electricity demand of each state/UT has been derived by assuming suitable load factor.
Region-wise electricity demand projection for the years 2031-32, 2036-37 and 2041- 42